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    TOPS K-8 Writing Continuum

    Contents:

    Grades K-2
    Grades 3-5
    Grades 6-8

    Grades K-2

    Kindergarten

    Genre of Writing: Expository, Narrative

    Ideas:

    • Likes to write
    • Communicates through guess and go
    • drawing uses ideas from personal experience
    • Can observe and record objects (science writing about salmon development, worms, twillers)
    • Can limit writing on one piece to specific idea (science writing, school newspaper)

    Organization:

    • Can write a simple sentence
    • Can focus for 15 minutes
    • Beginning/Middle/End

    Conventions:

    • Forms/Knows letters (upper and lower) and sounds
    • Knows some sight words, segments
    • Writes name with uppercase first letter and the rest lower case.
    • Okay pencil hold, a special grip
    • Ready to write sitting position
    • Left to right, top to bottom
    • Spaces between words sometimes

    First Grade

    Genre of Writing Narrative, Expository
    Ideas - Enter

    • Can generate ideas
    • Write, write, write
    • Can transfer ideas to paper (in some form)

    Ideas - Exit

    • Can express ideas in writing
    • Use of ‘because’/explanation (expository)
    • Writes from personal experience

    Organization:
    Exit:

    • Beginning, middle, and end in stories
    • Stay on topic
    • 4-5+ sentences (expository)

    Conventions - Enter

    • Mechanics (letter formation)
    • Some letter-sound correspondence

    Conventions - Exit

    • Capitols
    • Punctuation (.?!)
    • Use of upper and lower case letters
    • Legible
    • Grade level spelling

    Second Grade

    Genre of Writing: Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Reports

    Ideas - Enter:

    • Some flow of events
    • Recall some events
    • Lists too many details
    • Stick to a subject

    Math

    • Tell What they did

    Ideas - Exit:

    • Reader understands the writer’s intent.
    • Writing keeps the attention of the reader.

    Math

    • Explain the process Mathematical Thinking

    Organization - Enter

    • Writes simple sentences

    Organization - Exit

    • Does the piece of writing have a beginning, middle and end?
    • Does it flow in a logical order?
    • Lists main events only in a summary.
    • Write in paragraph form

    Math

    • Step by step explanations

    Conventions - Enter

    • Some capitols and punctuation (periods)

    Conventions - Exit

    • Capitols at the beginning of sentences.
    • Punctuation at the end of sentence. (.?)
    • Most words spelled correctly.
    • Legible writing, easy to read format.
    • Commas

    Grades 3-5

    Third Grade

    Genre of Writing - Enter, Exit
    Narrative, Persuasive, Expository, Report, Respond to a prompt

    Report list with research – 1 additional resource

    Math

    Explains process, Journal, Letter

    Ideas - Enter

    • Choose a topic from personal experience
    • Respond to a prompt (briefly)
    • Write a story (fiction)

    Ideas - Exit

    • Support/add detail to writing
    • Cite sources

    Organization - Enter

    • Stay with one idea for 1/2 page
    • Pre-write
    • Note-taking

    Organization - Exit

    • Logical Sequence
    • Control topic most of the time
    • Beginning – middle – end in stories
    • Learn some transition words and use them.
    • Write complete sentences in response to a question.

    Conventions - Enter

    • Understanding of capitol letter usage. (knowledge)
    • Ending Punctuation
    • Write a simple sentence.
    • Difficulty correcting spelling in their own writing.
    • Do D.O.L. (isolation)

    Conventions - Exit

    • Capitol letter usage
    • Ending punctuation
    • Grade level spelling
    • Learned more editing skills, peer and on their own
    • Begin to use (,”)
    • Re-read text to self and others (does it make sense?)

    Fourth Grade

    Genre of Writing - Enter
    Narrative, Expository, Persuasive

    Genre of Writing - Exit
    Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Biography,Cite Sources, Bibliography, Five “W”s

    Ideas - Enter

    • Being able to expand detail
    • Uniqueness of ideas
    • Adjectives/adverbs

    Ideas - Exit

    • More sophisticated use of all skills that were present at entry

    Organization - Enter

    • Structure a paragraph
    • Understand what “essay” means
    • 2 to 3 sentences per paragraph
    • Stick with a topic

    Organization - Exit

    • 5 – 6 paragraph essay
    • 6 – 9 sentences per paragraph
    • expand, add sophistication to B-M-E

    Conventions - Enter

    • Everything
    • Apostrophes
    • Commas
    • Complete sentences
    • Indenting

    Conventions - Exit

    • Everything

    Fifth Grade

    Genre of Writing - Enter
    Narrative, Expository, Persuasive

    Genre of Writing - Exit
    Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Poetry, Quest, Biography

    Ideas - Enter

    • Lots of ideas/content

    Ideas - Exit

    • Use of 7 intelligences
    • Develop ideas (supporting sentences)
    • Integrate/add “whys” to content

    Organization - Enter

    • Webbing skills
    • Beginning, middle and end to stories
    • Stay on a subject

    Organization - Exit

    • Loose outline skills
    • Strong opening and closing sentences
    • Developed sequencing skills
    • Note taking skills

    Math

    • Write in complete sentences to answer questions and use relevant math terms.

    Science

    • Use descriptive words and proper units of measure to relate observations.

    Conventions - Enter

    • Complete sentences and paragraphs
    • Correct capitalization and punctuation

    Conventions - Exit

    • Consistently indent P.P.
    • Use more variety of punctuation (!?)
    • Spell check

    Grades 6-8

    Sixth Grade

    Genre of Writing - Enter
    Expository, Narrative, Persuasive

    Genre of Writing - Exit
    Expository, Narrative, Persuasive, Poetry

    Ideas - Enter

    • Main idea vs detail
    • Clearly state facts
    • Choose and develop a report topic
    • Express opinions

    Ideas - Exit
    LA

    • State a position and give supporting arguments
    • Cites sources

    Math and Science

    • Compare and contrast
    • Separate fact/opinion
    • Explain processes
    • Describes observations

    Art

    • Familiar with art elements

    Organization - Enter

    • Pre-writing (mind mapping)
    • Understand paragraph structure

    Organization - Exit

    • Math and Science
    • Outline ideas

    Conventions - Enter

    • Consistent capitalization and punctuation
    • Grade level spelling
    • Knowledge of spelling weakness
    • Identify nouns, verbs, and adjectives

    Conventions - Exit

    • Vary sentence structure
    • Punctuate complex sentences
    • Know and use parts of speech
    • Break words into syllables

    Seventh Grade

    Genre of Writing - Enter

    LA

    Essay descriptive

    Genre of Writing - Exit
    Math

    Basic Treatise

    Art

    Narrative, Expository

    Ideas - Enter
    LA

    • Write to an assigned topic

    Ideas - Exit

    LA

    • Cite examples from sources
    • Science
    • Summarize a collection of information
    • Organize information in outline format

    Art

    • Research – determine relevant information
    • Proposals of intent
    • Write about personal/emotional content
    • Anticipate stages needed to complete a piece.

    Organization - Enter
    LA

    • Organizes B-M-E

    Math

    • Write complete sentences to answer a question

    Organization - Exit
    LA

    • Transitions
    • Least important to most important
    • Compare/contrast

    Math

    • Write answers to a question that do not require the question to know what is being answered.

    Art

    • Logical sequencing
    • Compare/Contrast

    Conventions - Enter

    • Punctuates
    • Commas in a series
    • Applies capitols
    • Uses paragraphs
    • Spells common words correctly

    Conventions - Exit

    LA

    • Quotations
    • Hyphen
    • Distinguish between complete sentences and fragments

    Art

    • Art vocabulary – comfort level

     

    Eighth Grade

    Genre of Writing
    LA

    Essay, Descriptive, Persuasive, Control of I-O-C

    Math

    Treatise, Biography

    Art

    Narrative, Expository

    Ideas - Enter
    LA

    • Cite examples from sources

    Art

    • Research – determine relevant information
    • Proposals of intent
    • Write about personal/emotional content
    • Anticipate stages needed to complete a piece.

    Ideas - Exit
    LA

    • Limit topic
    • Cite evidence

    Science

    • Analyze their own and other scientific writing
    • Evaluate their and other scientific writing

    Math

    • Able to summarize their learning and understanding after completing an investigation

    Organization - Enter
    LA

    • Transitions
    • Least important to most important
    • Compare/contrast

    Art

    • Logical sequencing
    • Compare/contrast

    Organization - Exit
    LA

    • Spatial
    • Least to most
    • Compare/contrast
    • Set argument
    • Transitions

    Math

    • Tightly organized
    • Clear explanations

    Conventions - Enter

    • Quotations
    • Hyphen
    • Distinguish between complete sentences and fragments

    Conventions - Exit
    LA

    • Commas for nonrestrictive clauses, sub. Clauses
    • Pronoun/antecedent agreement
    • Subject/verb agreement

    Art

    • Art vocabulary fluency