Writing

TOPS K-8 Writing Continuum

Contents:

Grades K-2
Grades 3-5
Grades 6-8

Grades K-2

Kindergarten

Genre of Writing: Expository, Narrative

Ideas:

  • Likes to write
  • Communicates through guess and go
  • drawing uses ideas from personal experience
  • Can observe and record objects (science writing about salmon development, worms, twillers)
  • Can limit writing on one piece to specific idea (science writing, school newspaper)

Organization:

  • Can write a simple sentence
  • Can focus for 15 minutes
  • Beginning/Middle/End

Conventions:

  • Forms/Knows letters (upper and lower) and sounds
  • Knows some sight words, segments
  • Writes name with uppercase first letter and the rest lower case.
  • Okay pencil hold, a special grip
  • Ready to write sitting position
  • Left to right, top to bottom
  • Spaces between words sometimes

First Grade

Genre of Writing Narrative, Expository
Ideas - Enter

  • Can generate ideas
  • Write, write, write
  • Can transfer ideas to paper (in some form)

Ideas - Exit

  • Can express ideas in writing
  • Use of ‘because’/explanation (expository)
  • Writes from personal experience

Organization:
Exit:

  • Beginning, middle, and end in stories
  • Stay on topic
  • 4-5+ sentences (expository)

Conventions - Enter

  • Mechanics (letter formation)
  • Some letter-sound correspondence

Conventions - Exit

  • Capitols
  • Punctuation (.?!)
  • Use of upper and lower case letters
  • Legible
  • Grade level spelling

Second Grade

Genre of Writing: Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Reports

Ideas - Enter:

  • Some flow of events
  • Recall some events
  • Lists too many details
  • Stick to a subject

Math

  • Tell What they did

Ideas - Exit:

  • Reader understands the writer’s intent.
  • Writing keeps the attention of the reader.

Math

  • Explain the process Mathematical Thinking

Organization - Enter

  • Writes simple sentences

Organization - Exit

  • Does the piece of writing have a beginning, middle and end?
  • Does it flow in a logical order?
  • Lists main events only in a summary.
  • Write in paragraph form

Math

  • Step by step explanations

Conventions - Enter

  • Some capitols and punctuation (periods)

Conventions - Exit

  • Capitols at the beginning of sentences.
  • Punctuation at the end of sentence. (.?)
  • Most words spelled correctly.
  • Legible writing, easy to read format.
  • Commas

Grades 3-5

Third Grade

Genre of Writing - Enter, Exit
Narrative, Persuasive, Expository, Report, Respond to a prompt

Report list with research – 1 additional resource

Math

Explains process, Journal, Letter

Ideas - Enter

  • Choose a topic from personal experience
  • Respond to a prompt (briefly)
  • Write a story (fiction)

Ideas - Exit

  • Support/add detail to writing
  • Cite sources

Organization - Enter

  • Stay with one idea for 1/2 page
  • Pre-write
  • Note-taking

Organization - Exit

  • Logical Sequence
  • Control topic most of the time
  • Beginning – middle – end in stories
  • Learn some transition words and use them.
  • Write complete sentences in response to a question.

Conventions - Enter

  • Understanding of capitol letter usage. (knowledge)
  • Ending Punctuation
  • Write a simple sentence.
  • Difficulty correcting spelling in their own writing.
  • Do D.O.L. (isolation)

Conventions - Exit

  • Capitol letter usage
  • Ending punctuation
  • Grade level spelling
  • Learned more editing skills, peer and on their own
  • Begin to use (,”)
  • Re-read text to self and others (does it make sense?)

Fourth Grade

Genre of Writing - Enter
Narrative, Expository, Persuasive

Genre of Writing - Exit
Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Biography,Cite Sources, Bibliography, Five “W”s

Ideas - Enter

  • Being able to expand detail
  • Uniqueness of ideas
  • Adjectives/adverbs

Ideas - Exit

  • More sophisticated use of all skills that were present at entry

Organization - Enter

  • Structure a paragraph
  • Understand what “essay” means
  • 2 to 3 sentences per paragraph
  • Stick with a topic

Organization - Exit

  • 5 – 6 paragraph essay
  • 6 – 9 sentences per paragraph
  • expand, add sophistication to B-M-E

Conventions - Enter

  • Everything
  • Apostrophes
  • Commas
  • Complete sentences
  • Indenting

Conventions - Exit

  • Everything

Fifth Grade

Genre of Writing - Enter
Narrative, Expository, Persuasive

Genre of Writing - Exit
Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Poetry, Quest, Biography

Ideas - Enter

  • Lots of ideas/content

Ideas - Exit

  • Use of 7 intelligences
  • Develop ideas (supporting sentences)
  • Integrate/add “whys” to content

Organization - Enter

  • Webbing skills
  • Beginning, middle and end to stories
  • Stay on a subject

Organization - Exit

  • Loose outline skills
  • Strong opening and closing sentences
  • Developed sequencing skills
  • Note taking skills

Math

  • Write in complete sentences to answer questions and use relevant math terms.

Science

  • Use descriptive words and proper units of measure to relate observations.

Conventions - Enter

  • Complete sentences and paragraphs
  • Correct capitalization and punctuation

Conventions - Exit

  • Consistently indent P.P.
  • Use more variety of punctuation (!?)
  • Spell check

Grades 6-8

Sixth Grade

Genre of Writing - Enter
Expository, Narrative, Persuasive

Genre of Writing - Exit
Expository, Narrative, Persuasive, Poetry

Ideas - Enter

  • Main idea vs detail
  • Clearly state facts
  • Choose and develop a report topic
  • Express opinions

Ideas - Exit
LA

  • State a position and give supporting arguments
  • Cites sources

Math and Science

  • Compare and contrast
  • Separate fact/opinion
  • Explain processes
  • Describes observations

Art

  • Familiar with art elements

Organization - Enter

  • Pre-writing (mind mapping)
  • Understand paragraph structure

Organization - Exit

  • Math and Science
  • Outline ideas

Conventions - Enter

  • Consistent capitalization and punctuation
  • Grade level spelling
  • Knowledge of spelling weakness
  • Identify nouns, verbs, and adjectives

Conventions - Exit

  • Vary sentence structure
  • Punctuate complex sentences
  • Know and use parts of speech
  • Break words into syllables

Seventh Grade

Genre of Writing - Enter

LA

Essay descriptive

Genre of Writing - Exit
Math

Basic Treatise

Art

Narrative, Expository

Ideas - Enter
LA

  • Write to an assigned topic

Ideas - Exit

LA

  • Cite examples from sources
  • Science
  • Summarize a collection of information
  • Organize information in outline format

Art

  • Research – determine relevant information
  • Proposals of intent
  • Write about personal/emotional content
  • Anticipate stages needed to complete a piece.

Organization - Enter
LA

  • Organizes B-M-E

Math

  • Write complete sentences to answer a question

Organization - Exit
LA

  • Transitions
  • Least important to most important
  • Compare/contrast

Math

  • Write answers to a question that do not require the question to know what is being answered.

Art

  • Logical sequencing
  • Compare/Contrast

Conventions - Enter

  • Punctuates
  • Commas in a series
  • Applies capitols
  • Uses paragraphs
  • Spells common words correctly

Conventions - Exit

LA

  • Quotations
  • Hyphen
  • Distinguish between complete sentences and fragments

Art

  • Art vocabulary – comfort level

 

Eighth Grade

Genre of Writing
LA

Essay, Descriptive, Persuasive, Control of I-O-C

Math

Treatise, Biography

Art

Narrative, Expository

Ideas - Enter
LA

  • Cite examples from sources

Art

  • Research – determine relevant information
  • Proposals of intent
  • Write about personal/emotional content
  • Anticipate stages needed to complete a piece.

Ideas - Exit
LA

  • Limit topic
  • Cite evidence

Science

  • Analyze their own and other scientific writing
  • Evaluate their and other scientific writing

Math

  • Able to summarize their learning and understanding after completing an investigation

Organization - Enter
LA

  • Transitions
  • Least important to most important
  • Compare/contrast

Art

  • Logical sequencing
  • Compare/contrast

Organization - Exit
LA

  • Spatial
  • Least to most
  • Compare/contrast
  • Set argument
  • Transitions

Math

  • Tightly organized
  • Clear explanations

Conventions - Enter

  • Quotations
  • Hyphen
  • Distinguish between complete sentences and fragments

Conventions - Exit
LA

  • Commas for nonrestrictive clauses, sub. Clauses
  • Pronoun/antecedent agreement
  • Subject/verb agreement

Art

  • Art vocabulary fluency

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